Character Development & Analysis

By Rebecca Ray

Find this Common Core aligned Teacher Guide and more like it in our Middle School ELA and High School ELA Categories!

Characters are an essential part of any story. Even in stories that don’t have people, animals, places, and inanimate objects can become characters in their own right. Characters drive plot forward and help to create and resolve conflicts. They are the main reason a story exists. However, as a story is told, characters often change or evolve with the plot. Whether being hit by forces outside their control or due to figurative internal battles, many of a character's attributes are a result of the events that occur.

For students, it is important to track the evolution of a character so that they can fully understand what effects and influences can change a person. Using the character development lesson plan below, engage your students with a character map for character evolution!

By the end of this lesson your students will create amazing storyboards like the ones below!
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Our Recommended Lesson Plan

Overview of the Lesson

Because characters play a crucial role in stories and are central to the plot, it is helpful for students track their changes. The most important aspect is for students is to understand why and how the character is affected over the course of the work.

Grade Level: 3-12


Although this lesson can be used for multiple grade levels, below are examples of the Common Core Standards for Grades 9-10. Please see the Common Core Standards for correct grade-appropriate standards.


Introduction: 10 minutes

Lesson: continues throughout the course of the book

Lesson-Specific Essential Questions

  1. How do characters drive plot?
  2. Why is it important to fully understand characters and how they develop?
  3. How do we do a character analysis?
  4. How can we make predictions about a person based on their traits?


Students will be able to read, take away, and explain how characters evolve throughout a novel, play, or story. They will understand how a character's actions affect plot and how to infer and predict what a character might do based on their personality.

Instructional Materials/Resources/Tools

Character Evolution Worksheet and Access to Storyboard That

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Before Reading

Before reading, it is a great idea to introduce your students to a list of characters. This is especially helpful for novel or play with multiple characters and/or plot twists.

During Reading

While reading, students should track character development and fill in the information learned about them. A great way to do this is to stop after each act or chapter and have them fill in new information they learned. If students run out of room on their worksheets, they can continue in their notebooks or on the back of the paper.

After Reading

After reading, have students compare the completed worksheets with a classmate, recording any information they may have missed. This makes for an excellent study guide, or you could ask students to complete a writing assignment based off of one of the characters.

Add a Presentation

Have students attach their storyboard to a paper that requires them to give an in-depth explanation of character development over the course of the text. Or, couple this assignment with a presentation!

Character Evolution Storyboard Templates and Examples

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Help Share Storyboard That!

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•   (English) Character Development   •   (Español) Desarrollo de Personaje   •   (Français) Développement de Personnage   •   (Deutsch) Charakterentwicklung   •   (Italiana) Sviluppo del Personaggio   •   (Nederlands) Karakter Ontwikkeling   •   (Português) Desenvolvimento do Personagem   •   (עברית) לפיתוח דמות   •   (العَرَبِيَّة) تطوير شخصية   •   (हिन्दी) चरित्र निर्माण   •   (ру́сский язы́к) Развитие Персонажа   •   (Dansk) Tegn Udvikling   •   (Svenska) Character Development   •   (Suomi) Hahmojen Kehitystä   •   (Norsk) Karakter Utvikling   •   (Türkçe) Karakter Gelişimi   •   (Polski) Rozwój Postaci   •   (Româna) Dezvoltarea Caracterului   •   (Ceština) Vývoj Charakter   •   (Slovenský) Rozvoj Znakov   •   (Magyar) Character Development   •   (Hrvatski) Razvoj Karaktera   •   (български) Развитие на Характера   •   (Lietuvos) Simbolių Kūrimas   •   (Slovenščina) Razvoj Značaja   •   (Latvijas) Character Development   •   (eesti) Märkide Arenduse