Sherman

Sherman
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  • William Tecumseh Sherman was born in Febuary 8th, 1820 Lancaster Ohio. 
  • Shermen was born into a distinguished family out of 11 kids
  • Commanding three armies, under George Henry Thomas, James B. McPherson, and John M. Schofield, he used his superior numbers to consistently outflank confederate troops under Joseph E. Johnston and captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864
  • Lived wth Senator Thomas Ewing after his fathers death in 1829
  • At the outbreak of civil war, he resigned from the academy and headed north, where he was made a colonel of the 13th US infantry
  • graduated sixth in the class in 1860 in military school
  • By 1864, Sherman had become convinced that preservation of the Union was contingent, not only on defeating the Southern armies in the field, but more importantly, on destroying the Confederacy's material and physiological will to wage war
  • took work in the fields of banking and law 
  • Shermen first saw combat at the Battle of First Manassas where he commanded a brigade of Tyler's Division
  • Although the Union lost , Lincoln was impressed by Shermen's performance and was promoted to brigadier general
  • Shermen was moved to St. Louis, after being replaced by Don Carlos Buell for expressing his view that the war would not end quickly,  where he served under Henry W. Halleck and completed logistical missions during the union capture of Fort Donelson 
  • After the battle of Shiloh, Sherman led troops during the battles of Chickasaw Bluffs and Arkansas Post, and commanded XV Corps during the campaign to capture Vicksburg
  • To achieve this, Sherman launched a campaign in Georgia that was defined as "modern warfare", and brought "total destruction upon the civilian population in the path of the advancing columns in his armies
  • The success of the campaign ultimately helped Lincoln win reelection ; After the fall of Atlanta, Sherman cut off all communication to his army and commenced his "March to the Sea" leaving in his wake a forty to sixty mile-wide path of destruction through the heartland of Georgia
  • On December 21, 1864 Sherman wired Lincoln to offer him an early christmas present: the city of Savannah
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