Cortez's Expedition

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Cortez's Interaction with Indians

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  • •Upon arriving at Cozumel the Spanish laid eyes upon Mayan Pyramids and were informed by the Mayans about Yucatan.
  • After continuing around the tip of Yucatan and landing on Potonchan. The people there gave gifts to the spanish then told them to leave. When the conversation ended a battle in which about 400 indian warriors were driven off with heavy losses
  • The indians accepted defeat and rewarded the Spanish 20 women to tend to the Spanish.
  • Among these women he found one that spoke Mayan and Nahuatl. With his current Mayan translator he could communicate to this Mayan women then to the Aztecs later on.
  • Shortly after the Mexican kings steward arrived and showed great respect to the Spaniards. The Spaniards showed them their cavalry and cannons to display their power and then told them to go away.
  • Cortez continued along to the Isle of Sacrifices where he was greeted warmly by the Totonac people. The idea was that they thought the Spanish might become and ally in their war against Mexico.
  • The Mexican party returned to the king with the terrifying reports of the Spaniards. The Mexicans thought that Cortez may have been the "Feathered Serpent" a exiled lord that would one day return to retake his country. Cortez had to push on else if he returned to Cuba he would face death or imprisonment. Thus, he continued his journey on and settled Villa Rica.
  • Cortez offered to march with Mexico against the Aztecs. Instead the Mexicans decided to fight Cortez and took heavy losses. They sued peace and then went with Cortez to Mexico. The Mexicans sought to massacre Cortez's army once inside the walls of the city and instead were absolutely demolished.
  • Once he settled he resigned from his position conferred to him by Velasquez. He was then offered the position of captain-general by the town. He sunk his ships to prevent his crew escaping to Cuba.
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