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When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7,1941, destroying much of the American Pacific fleet. This started to make the American military concerned about the securities of the United States.Many Americans turned their fear onto the Japanese government and those of Japanese decent, both citizens and non-citizens living lawfully in the United States.
General Dewitt, the commanding officer of the Western Defense Command, stated that "Japanese and other subversive persons" be evacuated from the pacific coast. He justification was " no ground for assuming that any Japanese, barred from assimilation by convention as he is, though born in the united states, will not turn against this nation when the final test of loyalty comes."
President Franklin D. Roosevelt acted on this by signing the Executive order 9066. Which would give the Secretary of War the power to prohibit people from certain areas.
Relocation camps were set up, also known as internment camps. Most were required to live in brracks, many of which did not have running water or places for cooking. They also were limited on the amount of personal times they could bring with them. Many experienced financial problems due to their quick sell of their personal items. Soon after the order was acted upon the government gave punishments to those who refused the orders.
Fred Korematsu was an American-born citizen of Japanese decent who had been raised in Oakland, California. He had tired to become apart of the United States military, but was ejected due to medical concerns.
When the order for internment began in California, he ran away in order to escape the military by moving to a nearby town. he also got plastic surgery to try to look more of a Mexixan-American than Japanese.
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