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We need to come up a with a replacement for the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution will be the replacement! There will be 3 branches of government, a legislative (Congress), executive (President), and the judicial branch.
There was a disagreement about representation. The big population states thought the voting should be proportional to population while the small population states thought the voting should be equal and population didn't matter.
To settle this problem they came up the a solution called The Great Compromise that worked for both big and small states. It created a two-house legislature. There was the Senate which was the upper house and it satisfied the small states because each state had 2 Senators which meant it was proportional to size. Then there was the House of Representatives which was the lower house and it satisfied the big states because it was proportional to population.
After The Great Compromise they ran into another debate but this time it was between the free states and the slave states.
The free states argued that slaves should not be considered into the population when counting for representatives because they weren't treated like humans. The slave states argued that slaves should be considered into the population when counting for representatives.
They came up with solution that would satisfy both the free and the slave states, that solution was that each slave was counted as 3/5 of a person. The free states also wanted the slave trade to end but the slave states didn't so they came up with another solution. That solution was that the slave trade would in 1808.
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