Constitutional Convention Storyboard


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  • Small States
  • The Great Compromise
  • During the Constitutional Convention two plans were brought up when talking about representation in congress. Small states wanted equal representation in congress and larger states wanted proportional representation.
  • Large States
  • Small States New Jersey Plan
  • We want a unicameral legislature with equal representation. Every state should receive one vote.
  • We want a bicameral legislature with proportional representation. The number of representatives each state has in each house should depend on the population.
  • Large States Virginia Plan
  • Small States
  • In the end, they came to an agreement. There would be two houses, one with equal representation and one with proportional representation. The Senate will be the house with greater power in which each state will have two representatives and in the House of Representatives each state has proportional representation.
  • Large States
  • Northern States
  • Three-Fifths Compromise
  • The small states and the large states could not agree on if they would count slaves as part of the population. Counting slaves would mean that the southern states that used slaves would have more representation in congress but also it would mean they would have to pay more taxes.
  • Southern States
  • Northern States
  • We want slaves to be counted as part of the population when states are charged with taxes but they should not be counted as the population when deciding how many representatives the states will have.
  • We want the slaves to be counted as the population for more representation in congress. We do not want the slaves to be counted as part of the population when we are charged taxes.
  • Southern States
  • In the end they decided that three-fifths of slaves will be counted as the population for taxes as well as representation in congress. In addition to this they also agreed that the slave trade would be illegal in 20 years after the constitution was signed but, slavery would not be outlawed.
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