The Hundred Years War Comic
By 227208a0, Updated
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The Hundred Years' War was a conflict between the French and the English over control of France from 1337 to 1453. They weren't fighting for a full 100 years, but instead it was a series of smaller wars. Many factors like fishing rights in the English Channel and the French helping the Scots fight the English caused the outbreak of the war.
The Hundred Years' War's first conflict started when King Philip VI of France captured Guyenne, which was an English controlled region in southwest France. Also, King Edward III claimed the French throne because his mother was the sister of French royalty.
During the beginning of the war the English were winning because they had a new weapon: the longbow. The longbow killed thousands of French knights. Joan of Arc was a French peasant girl that changed the whole direction of the war. Ever since she was young, she had visions of saints telling her that God chose her to lead the French Army to victory.
You need to save France!
After Joan of Arc finally got the French king, Charles VII, to believe her, he gave her the command over the French army. At first nobody wanted to follow her orders because she was a girl, but once they saw her skills they believed in her. With her new help, the French troops broke the English siege of Orleans, and the English fled.
Sadly in 1429 Joan of Arc was wounded and captured while in battle by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English. The English then convicted her of heresy and witchcraft, which got her burned at the stake in 1431, in Rouen, France.
In the end, the French won the Hundred Years' War. After Joan of Arc's death, in 1435 the Duke of Burgundy helped the French. England was weakened by internal struggles about which dynasty would assume control. French troops were able to use that as an advantage and drive the English out of France in 1453. Also, the French were able to use advanced weaponry like cannons to defeat the English.
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