After the fall of Rome, Western Europe slowly fell with it. Western Europe was cut off from all major civilizations. Without them they weren't protected. Invaders swept across the land, there was barely any trade, towns emptied, and all learning stopped. This is what we call the Dark Ages. It's culture is called a medieval civilization.
Europe was divided up by the Franks and other Germanic people. During this a new power started to rise, Muslims. The Muslims created a new civilization and an expanding empire. Christians became alarmed when Muslim armies attacked. Charles Martel gathered soldiers for the battle of Tours. Christians won. The Muslims then retreated and went back to their own land, where they stayed.
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