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In 1820, the Missouri Compromise was passed admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, establishing that the congress had the authority to prevent slavery in the Louisiana Territory
In 1854, the people of Kansas and Nebraska wanted popular sovereignty as there were people from the north and south living in those states
We want slavery!
We don't want slavery!
On May 30, 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska act was passed. This act attempted to resolve conflict between the north and south by allowing the people in Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether they would be a free or a slave state. This act repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the supreme court deemed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 unconstitutional.
Although leaving it up to the citizens of Kansas to decide whether it would be a free or slave state seemed like a solution, the people of Kansas made two state governments, adding more fuel to the fire.
This should be a slave state! Expanding slavery will help the southern economy!
We'll just make our own government then!
By leaving the decision up to the citizens, a civil war in Kansas took place, and the territory gained the nickname "bleeding Kansas"
Help, I'm bleeding out...
In the end, Kansas became a free state in 1861. The reason the north were so set on making new states free is because the vast majority of northerners were abolitionists, and the northern factory industries were more efficient than plantations.
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