French Revolution 2
By abierose, Updated
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REIGN OF TERROR
After the revolution, Louis XIV and his wife, Marie Antoinette, were executed. They were convicted of crimes of conspiracy with foreign powers (high treason).
France soon entered the period commonly known as The Reign of Terror. France decided every person who posed a threat to them has to be executed or punished. It lasted 10 months, and ended after most enemies were thought to have been taken care of. Overall, 300,000 people were arrested, 17,000 were executed, and up to 10,000 died in prison or were put to death without a trial.
The Directory was the government that followed the dictatorial Reign of Terror. It was established as a healthier alternative to the Reign of Terror. It functioned by having the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients, who were both overseen by five directors. The directors were chosen by the Ancients from a list created by the Council of Five Hundred.
Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power by rapidly gaining ranks in the military. After the Reign of Terror was abolished, he quickly seized power of France. His biggest reform to France was what he called the Napoleonic Code, which abolished privileges based off of birth, instead giving jobs and titles to the most qualified person.
The Napoleonic Wars were a string of wars between European countries and France under Napoleon's control. They were mostly successful, as Napoleon lost only seven out of sixty battles. However, the seven battles he lost in his lifetime came at the end of the Napoleonic wars, and he was eventually defeated.
In Waterloo, Belgium, Napoleon suffered his final defeat from the Duke of Wellington. This brought an end to Napoleon's rule, as after his loss, he returned to France and abdicated his rule to his son.
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