Chapter 8 Section 3


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  • Political Parties Emerge
  • Federalist
  • Republican
  • Views of the Constitution
  • VS
  • The People's Role / The Election of 1796
  • George Washington's policies were attacked by followers of Thomas Jefferson. As a result, Americans were beginning to divide into political parties. A Federalist was someone who supported ratification of the Constitution. A Republican wanted to limit the government's power.
  • The XYZ Affair
  • Hamilton believed that the federal government had implied powers. These were powers that were not expressly forbidden in the Constitution. Jefferson and Madison disagreed and believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Federalists and Republicans not only disagreed about the Constitution, but about the role of ordinary citizens in government. Federalists supported representatives government, while Federalists thought that public office should be held by honest men. John Adams became President and Thomas Jefferson became Vice President.
  • Domestic and Foreign Affairs
  • When John Adams became president, he inherited the dispute with France. In the fall of 1797, Adams sent a delegation to Paris to try to solve the dispute. This did not work and Adams was furious. He referred to the French agents as X, Y, and Z and it was later named the XYZ Affair.
  • Some Americans questioned whether the aliens would remain loyal if he USA went to war with France. The Alien and Sedition Acts included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote
  • The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts went against the Constitution. To help themselves politically, Federalists wanted Adams to declare war on France. However, the French agreed to a treaty.
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