By akp2004, Updated
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Battles at Lexington and Concord
Battle of Bunker Hill
Battle of Trenton
In both of these battles, the British marched on Lexington and Concord to seize weapons. The battle in Lexington ended quickly, with many of the minutemen dead or injured. In Concord the skilled colonial marksmen quickly fired upon the Redcoats. The Redcoats were forced to retreat to Boston, suffering many casualties along the way.
Battle of Saratoga
Colonial forces quietly dug into Breed's Hill, a point north which overlooked Boston. As the British climbed the exposed hillside they were cut down. Twice, the British tried to fight the colonists and twice they retreated. However, when they regrouped for a third try, the colonists were out of ammunition and were forced to retreat.
Battle of Yorktown
Washington and his battered army, waited across the Delaware River. In Trenton, the Hessians were fast asleep from celebrating the night before. Washington and his men crossed the river and marched on Trenton. The Continental Army took more than 900 prisoners and scored a major victory.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
Generals Burgoyne and Howe tried to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. Burgoyne re-captured Fort Ticonderoga and marched south to Albany. The Patriots chopped down large trees to use as roadblocks. When Burgoyne neared Sartoga he found himself surrounded and he surrendered his entire army.
After the Patriots regrouped, the Continental Army began harassing general Charles Cornwallis. Cornwallis moved 7,200 men to Yorktown, Virginia. General Washington ordered Lafayette to block Cornwallis's escape by land. Then he combined his forces with French troops and blocked the British navy from helping the stranded army. Slowly, the Patriots wore down on the British. Facing near-certain defeat, on October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrendered to Washington.
Lacking the money to pay for a new army, Britain entered into peace talks with America. Delegates took more than two years to come to a peace agreement. In the Treaty of Paris of 1783, Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States. The treaty also set America's new borders. British leaders also accepted American rights to settle and trade west of the original colonies.
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