Reconstruction of France


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  • The Constitution of 1791 established a constitutional monarchy in which the king could not create any new laws or veto any laws that the elected Legislature created. With this new power, the Legislature began to make changes in France.
  • The National Constituent Assembly changed the map of France by replacing the ancient provinces with new and smaller departments. This was to increase administrative rationality.
  • What is this?
  • We live in different provinces, no departments, now.
  • Olympe de Gouges, a butcher's daughter from Montauban became a major revolutionary radical in Paris. She composed the Declaration of the Rights of Woman which she ironically addressed to Marie Antoinette. It was based on the Declaration of the rights of man and citizens. It demanded that Women should be seen as independent citizens and that they could own their own property. She called for equality of the sexes in marriage and improved education for women. It also demanded that men should recognize the paternity of their children.
  • The government began to systematically reduce the church's power. In July 1790 the civil constitution of the clergy was passed, which set pay scales for the clergy and provided that the voters elect their own priests and bishops.
  • Bishops will now be elected, and your pay will be reduced!
  • Political power was no longer achieved through hereditary titles or purchase, but through accumulation of land and commercial property. This protected middle class interests, but did not benefit the lower classes.
  • I now have the right to be in government, because of my property and wealth.
  • Government Official (Position of Power)
  • During France's reconstruction a constitutional monarchy was established, the provinces were reorganized, and power was stripped from the king, nobles, and the church. Normal citizens could now obtain positions of power, however women and slaves were exempt from these new rights.
  • Hmph! Why is it only the rights of MAN?!
  • Yeah right!
  • Freedom for all!
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