Making Proteins

Making Proteins

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  • DNA lives in the nucleus and has to go through a process to make a protein. This is a process called transcription and translation. 
  • During Transcription, a gene on DNA is copied to make RNA and DNA is unzipped and a mRNA strand is built as a copy of a gene. 
  • This is the end result of transcription. The DNA  was copied and then unzipped so it is single stranded.
  • After the mRNA strand is built, the newly made RNA is used as a reicpe to build a protein. 
  • The tRNA's job is to bring the amino acids as when the ribosome needs them to build the protein. It helps transfer amino acids.
  • tRNA
  • This is a protein.
  • The ribosomes job during translation is to read the mRNA strand and attatch the amino acids in the right spot.
  • Regular
  • If there is a mutation, when attaching the amino acids, the protein could look totally different.  
  • Deletion Mutation
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