Causes of the Civil War

Causes of the Civil War

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  • Pro-slavery v. Anti-slavery
  • Nullification and States' Rights
  • These issues aren't big enough to divide our whole nation!
  • South Carolina will secede from the Union
  • If the taxes from the north don't go down then
  • The Outcome of the Dred Scott Case
  • New territories can decide whether or not they want to be a free state or a slave state!
  • That is unfair! I should be free!
  • One the first and main causes of the civil war was the debate against slavery. Southerns believed that slavery was necessary in order to make a living in the economy at the time. Many northerns believed that slavery was unnecessary in order to make money in the economy. This constant tension between the two sides was a main reason for the civil war.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act + Georgia Platform + Compromise of 1850
  • Any slaves we find we will send back down!
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Along with slavery, the nullification and states' rights also created tension between the north and the south. States' Rights is the power that an individual state has rather than the federal government. Nullification is a description of States' Rights because South Carolina made the decision that they might secede and not the federal government.
  • Election on 1860
  • No! He will take our slaves and free them! We will secede from the Union!
  • Yay for Abe!! Free the slaves!
  • Another main cause of the civil war was the outcome of the Dred Scott case and how it effected the Missouri Compromise of 1850. The Dred Scott case was a case of a slave who had been taken to a free state and then taken back to a slave state and thought that under the doctorate "Once free, always free". This cancels out the Missouri Compromise of 1850 because this was when any state above the 36 30 line would be a free state. So many people were mad that the outcome made the Missouri Compromise of 1850 useless.
  • Secession in Georgia + the Importance of Alexander Stephens
  • We will fight to create a better nation for you!
  • Along with the Dred Scott case, the Kansas-Nebraska act, Georgia Platform and Compromise of 1850 were events leading up to the Civil War. The Compromise of 1850 was when California entered the Union as a free state and in return the fugitive slave act was placed. Georgia Platform was when Georgia gave their response to this compromise. T The Kansas-Nebraska Act was put in place after the Dred Scott case. This act was when new territories could use popular sovereignty to decide whether they wanted to be free or slave states.
  • California enters as free
  • Georgia agrees with the statement of the Compromise of 1850
  • Georgia Platform
  • Do you want to be a slave state or a free state?
  • Kansas- Nebraska Act
  • The election on 1860 pushed the civil war closer. Abraham Lincoln got elected as the president elect which made all of the southerns fear that their slaves would be free. Abraham Lincoln was a abolitionist (against slavery) and he wanted to free slaves from the start. The fear from the southerns made tension between both sides. This caused the south states think about seceding. They believed they could leave the Union whenever they pleased.
  • Once Abraham Lincoln had won the white house the south feared that Lincoln would free their slaves. If they created their own nation, they didn't have to free their own slaves. Alexander Stephen's was elected as the vice president of the Confederate States of America (the new nation's name). Stephen's was against secession but he believed in slavery. They chose him for their vice president because he had a background in politics. Since southerns were so stubborn and stuck to their personal beliefs about secession and slavery, this lead to the start of the civil war.
  • Jefferson Davis, Alexander Stephens, Robert Toombs
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