Antebellum and Causes of The Civil War Comic

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  • The Debate Over Slavery
  • They better not add more free states. If that happens, then the free states might have the power to take away slavery.
  • I depend on my farm for my income. Using slaves as cheap labor increases the money I make.
  • We need to add tariffs to British imports. That will encourage more American citizens to buy goods from the North!
  • The Debate Over States' Rights
  • No! We can't have higher tariffs. Britain will retaliate by putting tariffs on the goods that the South exports! Take that back or we secede!
  • Compromises
  • Well, then there will be more slave states than free states.
  • I agree.
  • Compromise of 1850: California wants to be added as a free state.
  • Okay... but we also want new states above the 30° 36° parallel line to be free and those below, slave.
  • Missouri Compromise: Missouri wants to be added as a slave state.
  • And the people in the new states should be able to vote on whether they want to be slave or free.
  • Then break off a piece of Massachusetts and create the free state, Maine.
  • Well then, we want all runaway slaves found in free states returned to their rightful owners.
  • Fine.
  • Slavery was a leading cause of the Civil War. The Northern states didn't believe in it since they had no need for it in their industrial economy, but for the Southern states, it was part of their agricultural lifestyle. The states that had slavery were called slave states and the ones that didn't were called free states. This grew into so much of an issue that they had to make sure the number of free states equaled the number of slave states so there was balance in the Senate.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Kansas and Nebraska should use popular sovereignty to decide whether to be slave or free.
  • The Northerners and Southerners had very different views on states' rights. The Northerners believed more in a federalist view. The Southerners believe in a more anti-federalist mindset, so they wanted more states' rights. To nullify something, it means to cancel or refuse to accept something. This relates to states' rights because the North wanted to add tariffs to British products but the South did not. South Carolina nullified the tariffs and even threatened to secede.
  • Dred Scott Case
  • President Lincoln is amazing! He will bring justice to this country and help abolish slavery.
  • The first compromise was the Missouri Compromise. It was to keep the balance between slave and free states. It added Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free one. It also said that new states added above the 36° 30° parallel would be free and those below, slave. The next compromise was the Compromise of 1850. It took away the Missouri Compromise since it stated that popular sovereignty would be used to decide if the new state was free or slave. It also added California as a free state so the Southern states demanded the Fugitive Slave Act. The Georgia Platform approved compromise and pushed for the Fugitive Slave Act.
  • The Election of 1860
  • President: I just wanna keep the Union together, though slavery is wrong.
  • How dare people elect this tyrant?! We need to leave this Union if this is who they decide to elect. This monster will take away slavery1
  • Both the territories, Nebraska and Kansas wanted to become states. The U.S. government wanted to reinforce the idea of popular sovereignty, so the government allowed both territories to vote on whether they wanted to be free or slave. It basically repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing states above the 30° 36° parallel to be slave states.
  • The Dred Scott Case was a very controversial one. People either agreed with the results or didn't. Dred Scott was a slave who was taken to a free state with his master. His master died so Dred declared himself free since he had gone to present-day Minnesota. However, he was apparently turned over to his former master's wife. He sued her in court and after years, it got to the Supreme Court. Now, this was not an unusual occurrence. Slaves often did and won court cases like this. However, in this case, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves weren't citizens, so couldn't sue and that Congress couldn't stop slavery in new states, making the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
  • That's not fair! Dred Scott and his wife are free! The Supreme Court is totally wrong!
  • The Supreme Court's ruling was right and just. Dred Scott and his wife are the property of Irene Emerson
  • TENSION INCREASES!!
  • Abraham Lincoln had won the election of 1860, which caused tension because most Northern states approved of him, but the Southern states thought he would abolish slavery. This angered them and many decided to secede, including GA. GA had debated over this for a while. A man by the name of Alexander Stephens was against seceding, although he was pro-slavery. Ironically, when GA finally joined the Confederacy, Stephens became the vice president.
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