causes of civil war

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  • Dred Scott v. Stanford
  • Underground Railroad
  • Election of Abraham Lincoln
  • The Dred Scott Decision ruled that slaves were property, further invalidating the Missouri Compromise. This decision ruled that slavery could technically be allowed anywhere because the government didn't have the right to take away property from individuals.
  • John Brown's Raid
  • Harriet Tubman assisted people in the Underground Railroad and rescued over 300 slaves. The Underground Railroad, an informal network of volunteers that helped runaway slaves escape from the South, angered Southern planters, causing them to demand a stricter slave law.
  • Regional Economic Production
  • Lincoln's victory in the presidential election allowed for the rejoicing of South Carolinians who used his victory as an excuse to secede. With Lincoln's policy, the Republican platform appealed to every important non-southern group.
  • Fugitive Slave Law
  • John Brown planned to invade the South with his followers and call the slaves to rise and arm them. At Harpers Ferry, Brown seized the federal arsenal and killed 7 innocent people. Southerners were outraged due to his behavior, increasing their contempt towards African Americans.
  • Economic differences among the North, whose economy thrived off of manufacturing, and the South, whose economy was based off of agriculture, caused a great divide among the two regions. 
  • The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 caused anger within the North due to the strict and immoral capture of escaped slaves. Additionally, free African Americans would also be mistaken for a slave and there were many incidents where people were wrongly identified. Notherners showed contempt for this law due to the fact that their jails were used to keep slaves as well.
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