social studies 4

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  • During the Black Death, Christianity took precedent over many religions. Christians blamed Jews for poisoning water and starting the Black Death.
  • Yeah, and during feudalism, the pope of the christian church would be at the top. They would have the power to give a loan to people, but could also mke an excommunication. An excommuniction was used as a threat, where someone would be banned from the church and would not go to heaven.
  • Let's use this carrack to get to the Inca Empire with Francisco Pizzaro. Francisco Pizzaro is part of the Columbian exchange and traded with the new world from the old. In 1533 he captured the Inca Empire and kidnapped Atahualpa.
  • The Inca Empire is located in the Andes Mountains and the capital was in Cuzco, present day Peru. Like in Egypt, the rulers, or Sapa Incas were mummified and they had many ceremonies.
  • The Incas believed greatly in Inti, the sun of god, and Temples of the Sun were dedicated to him and other gods. The temple was a religous complex and sacred site. Like in Europe during the Black Death, Sapa Incas ruled with absolute power. During the Black Death, one ruler would have all the power over smaller city states.
  • One of the Sapa Incas was Pachacuti. He used an unlimited supply of labor to build a mega city. Two kings could have ruled at the same time and queens also had power, which is unlike European government where there was one ruler. Lets head over to the Maya Civilization.
  • In the Maya Civilization, many Mayans would play a game like basketball. There would be a ball and you would pass to your teammates without the use of your hands and feet.
  • Let's get to know the background of the Mayans first. The Maya Civilzation is located in the Yucatan Pennisula in Mexico. There were different classes- ruling class, middle class, commoners, and then slaves and criminals, just like in Feudalism.
  • The government was similar to the one in the Mali Kingdom as the Maya Civilization was a kingdom, but also a dynasty as power was from generation to generation. The Aztec Empire is thelast part of the Americas.
  • The Mayans honored the quetzal bird, and used its feathers in their headresses. They also had a Sacred Round, or calender that had 260 days and 13 monthes. Lastly, Mayans wrote in heiroglyphics similar to the Egyptians.
  • The Aztec Empire is located in the Valley of Mexico, and its capital is Tenochtitlán. Again like the government during the Black Death, a ruler was in charge of many city-states. This supreme ruler was called a tlatoque.
  • Like the Mayans did, the Aztecs would recieve tributes and gifts from conquered areas. Captives were also used as human sacrafice for the sun. The Aztecs believed that the sun was nourished from human blood, and the Aztecs wanted to delay the end of the world.
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