battle of Surabaya

battle of Surabaya
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  •  27 October 1945
  • 
  •  28 October 1945
  • A British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets over Surabaya urging all Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.The leaders of the Indonesian troops and militia were angered, seeing it as a breaking of the agreement reached with Mallaby earlier.
  • Death Of Mallaby
  • The leaders of the Indonesian troops and militia were angered, seeing it as a breaking of the agreement reached with Mallaby earlier.On 28 October 1945, they attacked the British troops in Surabaya, killing two hundred soldiers.
  • British Reaction
  • On 30 October Sukarno (president of RI), Mohammad Hatta (the vice-president of RI), and Amir Syarifuddin Harahap (the minister of information of Indonesia) negotiate a cease fire. A ceasefire was negotiated with Major General Hawthorn (the commander of 23rd British Indian Division) and Brigadier Mallaby
  •  Main battle
  • On 30 October 1945, Brigadier A.W.S Mallaby was killed by the Indonesians
  • Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison was angered when he heard that Brigadier Mallaby had been killed in Surabaya. During a lull in the fighting, the British brought in reinforcements and evacuated the internees.
  • At dawn on 10 November,British troops began a methodical advance through the city under the cover of naval and air bombardment. Fighting was heavy, with British troops clearing buildings room by room and consolidating their gains.
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