atlantic war

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  • The Battle of the Atlantic 1940-1945
  • By- Azifa Mazhar
  • late summer 1940, Britain had to get food and war material from Canada and USA to fight the Germans. So the Germans stayed at the Atlantic ocean so if any boats of Britain come they would sink them.
  • Admiral Karl donitz controlled the U- boats. U- boats attacked individually using all 6 of its troop-does if possible. when the troop-does hit, ships were at best damaged or sunk.
  • June 15, 1941 in st. John's , Newfoundland commodore L.W Murray took command of the force.
  • A corvettes or Fleet was designed to sink U- boats, they were cheap to make, they were tossed around on stormy Atlantic seas. though the fleets were easily damaged by ice.
  • Slow Convoy 42 sailed on august 30, 1941 was sent north towards Greenland to try and avoid the U- boats, the escorts included destroyer HMCs Skeena and the Corvettes Alberni, and Orillia.
  • Late on September 9, off the Greenland Coast, the attack began.
  • RCN's first U- boat was killed due to its gun being jammed. At 2:10 a.m September 11, in the final wave of the attack, the merchant vessel empire crossbill was sunk.
  • The corvette had to rescue the survivors from the attack, which meant there were not defending the convoy from the U- boats, this gave the U- boats a greater chance to attack.
  • The problems lead to conflicts within the RCN. in Halifax commodore G.C. Jones' job was to commission ships and get them to Murray in st. John's as fast as possible. This was a problem because the experienced crew was replaced by inexperienced crew.
  • Meanwhile the struggle between U- boats and NEF are intensified. All weapons were being shipped to Britain, including Sherman tanks for an eventual invasion of Europe.
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