China's one child policy

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  • Too much population growth! 
  • Mao Zedong will be the death of us
  • "Long, late and few"
  • In 1953, China's population was rapidly growing and there was a need to find a way to stop exceeding population growth as the Chinese government could not support such a large population. Therefore, the Chinese leaders decided to control the population and approve a law on contraception and abortion, and encouraged and provided birth control
  • The gloves come off!
  • When Mao's communist party was in charge, things got from bad to worse. He believed that more was better and tried to increase the population by industrializing the country. This required more workers and that increased the population, also because more people got attracted to a modernized lifestyle. 
  • Is it actually fair?
  • 119 males = 100 females 
  • During the 1970's, the CCP launched a campaign called "Long, late and few" which advocated delaying marriage, having lesser children and increased number of years between children. From 1970-1976, the fertility rate plunges by more than half! Hence, birth rates dropped from six births per woman to one.
  • The law changes sides
  • 1980, the One child Policy officially becomes mandatory, couples need to obtain permission from local officials to have a baby. This slowed the fertility rate massively and prevented approximately 400 million births and anyone breaking the law would be financially punished and would go through harsh circumstances.
  • The One Child Policy is mandatory for all! Break the rule and you are fined
  • 76% of the population supports this policy, however families are getting smaller and the life is getting harder as male child is preferred more in families than females. This increases the amount of males being double than the amount of females which could births as half the male population would not half a partner to have even one child.
  • 2015, Chinese public feared that all economic and social issues in China are due to the policy. Female babies are being sold at the black market, aging population and workforce challenges occurring and human rights violations. Hence the government decides to allow two births per family (female&male) as long as one parent is a single child.
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