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Look! It's the Spanish! They're not getting over here...
The Armada was first spotted at Lizard Point in Cornwall, the most southerly point of the British mainland. A chain of beacons had been constructed along the south coast to alert London of a coming invasion.
The Solent separated the Isle of Wight from the English mainland. Duke of Medina Sidonia wanted to establish a temporary base in these calm and protected waters in order to wait for news from Parma and his army, but the English prevented this from happening.
Lets win and stuff...
The English pushed the Armada towards the Owers, a group of dangerous rocks and ledges. This forced the Armada away from the coast and into the open sea, giving them no choice but to head for Calais, without word from Parma.
Once the Armada reached Calais, fireships were used by the English. This scattered the Spanish crescent formation and they were then defeated in the Battle of Gravelines. The Spanish were then chased by the English as far north as the Firth of Forth in Scotland.
Tilbury is in Essex on the north bank of the River Thames. It had a fort that was built by Henry VIII in 1539. It was reinforced in 1588 and had two concentric earthwork ramparts with ditches and a palisade. Elizabeth gave a rousing speech to her 400 troops. Even though the Armada was gone, the English still feared Parma would invade.
On their journey home, the Spanish were equipped with poor maps and were not aware of the effect of the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic. Thinking they had sailed much further west of the British Isles than they actually had, they turned south much too early. Gales of wind then drove many of their ships on to the rocks off north and the coast of Ireland.
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