By Bikal Sharma
In “The Raven,” Edgar Allan Poe creates a melancholy mood through his choice of setting, figurative language, imagery, speaker, and tone.
Firstly, Poe uses the setting to set a melancholy mood. He says, "Once upon a midnight dreary..." showing that not only is the setting dark and gloomy, it is also dreadful and ultimately, melancholy.
Second, Poe uses personification to exemplify the mood. The poem reads, "...And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor..." This shows a melancholy mood because of the word choice, especially 'dying' and 'ghost'
Third, Poe uses imagery to continue setting a melancholy mood. The poem says, "...And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain..." This tells the reader that even the rustle of the curtains is sad and dreary, so it sets a melancholy mood.
Fourth, Poe describes the speaker of, "The Raven." He is described as tired such as, "I pondered, weak and weary." This quote displays more melancholy because the speaker is known to be frail and depressed.
Lastly, Poe appeals to using words that inspire an melancholy tone to the reader. He writes things like, "surcease of sorrow" and, "terrors never felt before." This is supports a melancholy mood because it creates a dreary and sad tone.
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