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  • The Silk Road
  • Hi, my name is Jimmy Neutron. I will be telling you about the Silk Road. In these next slides, we will be talking about the intro,  the opening of the silk road, the eastern side, the western side, and cultural exchanges.
  • Lets talk about the Introduction. Under Han rule, new trade routes allowed the Chinese to trade with other ancient cultures. The Silk Road was actually a network of smaller trade routes. It stretched for more than 4000 miles across Asia, China, and Syria. By the first century, the Roman empire dominated the Mediterranean region. The Silk Road connected the Han and Roman empires. Both goods and ideas traveled along the Silk Road. The Chinese traded silk and jade pieces, the Indians traded spices, and the Romans traded glassware. Ideas entered China with this trade. The Silk Road linked the peoples of the east and the west for more than a thousand years.
  • Introduction
  • The expansion of the Han empire made the Silk Road possible.   The military campaigns of the Han drove back nomadic peoples in northwestern China, opening up trade routes to the west.  A Chinese explorer named Zhang Qian (jahng chee-ehn) is often called the Father of the Silk Road. His travels opened the way for trade between China and its western neighbors. Over time, Chinese traders traveled farther west. Smaller trade routes connected to form larger networks. The most famous of these routes became known as the Silk Road, named after the product that traders valued most of all: Chinese silk. Silk was a valuable good for trade because, at first, only the Chinese people knew how to make it. When people of other cultures learned about silk, it became a highly prized material.
  • Opening up the Silk Road
  • The Silk Road was not one continuous route. It was a network of shorter trade routes between various stops. Most traders moved between these stops, rather than journeying thousands of miles along the entire length of the route. Goods changed hands many times before reaching their final destination.The two major parts of the route were the Eastern Silk Road and the Western Silk Road.The Eastern Silk Road connected Luoyang to Kashgar (KASH-gahr), in the western part of the Taklimakan Desert. From Luoyang, the Silk Road led west along the Gobi Desert to Dunhuang (dun-hwang), in northwestern China. This part of the route was protected by the Great Wall to the north.  It was costly to carry goods over the Silk Road. For traders to make a profit, goods had to be valuable.
  • The Eastern Silk Road
  • Kashgar was the central trading point at which the Eastern Silk Road and the Western Silk Road met. Goods from various areas were exchanged there and sent in both directions along the trade route. Traders traveling westward carried goods by yak rather than camel. The Western Silk Road ended in Mediterranean ports like Antioch. The journey west from Kashgar began with a difficult trek across the Pamir (pah-meer) Mountains. Some of these mountain peaks rose over twenty thousand feet. Travelers often experienced headaches, dizziness, and ringing in the ears caused by a lack of oxygen in the thin air of high mountains. Many goods traveled along the Western Silk Road and eventually ended up in China. Traders from Egypt, Arabia, and Persia brought perfumes, cosmetics, and carpets. Central Asian traders brought metal items and dyes, and sometimes traded slaves.
  • The Western Silk  Road
  • The trade between East and West along the Silk Road created cultural diffusion, in which ideas and knowledge—as well as goods—spread from one culture to another. For example, China and Rome did not merely trade new products with each other. In time, they learned how to make these products for themselves. By 500 C.E., the Chinese had learned how to make glass. About the same time, the West had learned how to produce silk. Such cultural diffusion occurs in many cultures, past and present, and in many different ways. Diets, gardening, and agriculture also changed as trade introduced new plants into different areas. The Silk Road also helped spread Buddhist beliefs. Buddhism had its origins in India. Because the Silk Road passed through many different nations, religious travelers using the route shared their teachings.
  • Cultural exchanges and the Silk Road
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