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The Battle of Pea Ridges
Gen. Samuel R. Curtis' Union army of the southwest had pushed into Arkansas and had made a defensive positon over looking Sugar creek.
At the same time Gen. Earl Van Dorn was in command of the Confederate forces in t trans-Mississippi with the mission of destroying Curtis and his federals.
Early on March 7, 1862, Van Dorn's column struck Missouri near Elkhorn Tavern. Far after that afternoon Curtis had organized a counterattack in the fading daylight which was later recalled.
The Confederates were set upon by federal cavalry under Cyrus Bussey. An attack brought commander Peter J. Osterhause to bring up his infantry. While getting his troops in position Gen. McCullough was killed.
Without support from Price's troops the remnants of McCullough was forced to withdraw. Though the Federals had been badly beaten on March 7 they had a strong position. Van Dorn's southerners were compelled to withdraw.
Although the confederate army had been allowed to escape relatively intact, The Union had won that battle. Their victory at Pea Ridge solidified Federal Control over Missouri for the next 2 years.
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