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Race and racialization are main components of the book To Kill a Mockingbird. The trial of Tom Robinson is an example of racialization. Tom was a black man being accused of raping a white woman. He lost his case because the judge and the jury were racist, and did not care about the facts or evidence. Everyone takes the white person’s word over the black person’s. (Lee, 1960) (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
Racialization can be described as discrimination and prejudice ideas. It starts with the idea of majority and minority groups, the majority group is white people and the minority group is all other races. The minority group has little to no access to social power. (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
Race is groups of people that are different from each other based on physical and genetic differences. These differences can be skin colour, hair texture, or facial features. People of certain races often experience unequal and unfair treatment. They may also experience discrimination. (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
Herbert Spencer created the idea of social darwinism. This theory compared human societies to animal species based on the idea that societies must adapt. He wanted to justify the idea of white superiority and the idea of using other humans as slaves because if they were seen as simpler and "not human" then it wouldn't be wrong. Which then made it ok to treat a person that way because they are not human. (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
Stereotypes refer to people, things, and events in general classifications. They reduce people to a few characteristics. Stereotypes exaggerate these characteristics. (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
Calpurnia is the Finch’s housekeeper. She is a black housekeeper in a white household which was very common in the 1930’s. When Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to her “coloured church” many members of the church are upset that she would bring white children to their church. Likewise the children’s Aunt Alexandra is also upset that the children went to a “coloured church”. The children also notice that Calpurnia talks differently around black people and white people. She explains that this is how she fits into the two different societies.(Lee, 1960) (Whittington-Walsh, 2017)
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