Science DNA

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  • During transcription DNA is unzipped so that it can be replicated into mRNA because DNA is too large to get out of the nucleus.
  • If you were to split my body into two and take one half of it out of the nucleus that's called mRNA and that's the end result of a process called Transcription
  • Take that half of me to the cytoplasm to the ribosome where it will start building a protein by putting together amino acids with the help of tRNA.
  • The end result of translation is a protein, which are molecules that make up your physical characteristics.
  • If any of these processes were changed or there was a mistake in the "blue prints" that could create mutations like if there was a mutation to the Lactase enzyme you wouldn't be able to break down the sugar in milk called lactose.
  • And this my friends is why some people are lactose intolerant, because there was a mutation to their lactase enzyme due to a mistake in either the transcription or translation processes.
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