Ingredients of a Cell - Part 1


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  • INGREDIENTS OF A CELL by Robbie Amoia
  • The two Nucleic Acids are DNA and RNA. Both are made of 4 kinds of nucleotides, which are the monomers. DNA contains the permanent genetic code for heredity, growth/reproduction, and responding to the environment. RNA contains the temporary genetic code for creating proteins.
  • Proteins are made of 20 different kinds of amino acids, which are the monomers. The amino acids are arranged in different ways to create the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins. A major function of proteins is communication between cells.
  • Lipids are another important "ingredient" in cells. Phospholipids, unsaturated fats and saturated fats are all types of lipids. Each one has a specific job. The main function of lipids is saturated and unsaturated fats storing and releasing tremendous amounts of energy.
  • There are 2 types of carbohydrates. One is a disaccharide, or double sugar. The other is a polysaccharide. Both are made of a monomer called monosaccharide, or simple sugar. The main function of carbohydrates is to provide great amounts of energy for long periods of time.
  • Water fills 70 percent of a cell, and is found inside and outside of cells. The chemical formula for water is 2 hydrogen, and one oxygen. Its main function is to act as a filter and control certain things exiting and entering the cell.
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