Transcription and Translation

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  • Welcome to Cameron's Comic Strip on the Central Dogma of Biology! Today we will learn about Transcription and Translation.
  • Here we have some DNA
  • DNA is found in chromosomes which are tightly bound up with DNA, DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. Chromosomes honestly look like the letter X.
  • X
  • Here we can see RNA polymerase dividing the double helix. It does this so the Messenger RNA is able to copy the genetic code. RNA stands for Oxyribonucleic Acid
  • DNA CODE: TCGACTGGATC mRNA CODE: AGGUGACCUAG In this case, you can see the code is simply flipped from G<->C T<->A but however, Adenine turns into Uracil, A->U.
  • RNA polymerase
  • Next the mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters the cytoplasm. Next, the RNA is processed in the Ribosome by Transfer RNA. They Process the RNA in sets of 3 called Codons, the tRNA carries pairs of 3 anti codons and produces a particular amino acid.This is called Translation.
  • RIBOSOME
  • RNA
  • Example of Anti codon on codon: A     G     C -> U     C     G
  • <- tRNA
  • Amino-Acids
  • THE END Or should I say, The DNEND HAHAHA
  • Proteins (GAINZZZZZ BOYS)
  • By the end the polypeptide chain (Amino Acids from the tRNA) it eventually groups up and creates proteins to build our body! AMAZING. Without this, we wouldn't have Plate-mail knights. Let that sink in.
  • I'm not being paid, I'm being held against my will... SOS... Help me.
  • Shhh..
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