Chapter 4 Recognizing Reading Problems

Chapter 4 Recognizing Reading Problems
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  • Chapter 4: Recognizing Reading Problems
  • ...Yeah, business has been rough.  Did you know that about 1 in every 3 students has a reading problem?!
  • Oh my!  I had no idea the rate was so high!  What be done to help struggling readers and help your newstand?
  • Inadequate Reading Instruction
  • Schools in high poverty areas are not supplied with materials and resources to effectively teach their students reading.
  • I'm stunned!  That also probably means the teachers are not given the appropriate training or support either.
  • Social and Cultural Concerns
  • According to the 2003 NAEP data, a large majority of Black and brown students are underperforming compared to their white peers.
  • That's alarming!  Although socioeconomic conditions affect a child's  learning there are also linguistic barriers as well
  • Laya Theberge EDU 215
  • Physical Causes
  • Reading problems can caused developmentally also.  Genetics and gender play a huge role in the development of dyslexia and linguistic cause.
  • Wow the brain is an amazing thing!  Even structural differences in the brain can cause nonlinguistic reading difficulties. 
  • Page 119
  • Brain Imaging
  • Did you know that MRI brain scans of dyslexic readers show activation in a different part of the brain than good reader.  Dyslexic readers show strong activity in the Broca's area.
  • No I didn't.  Broca's...that's the part of the brain associated with speech. 
  • Page 119 and 120 Some research suggests that if home language differs from the language used in reading instruction these students will perform poorly on reading tests.  This also includes students who are English Language Learners.
  • Detection
  • There are no cures for dyslexia but there are strategies to help and indicators to identify reading difficulties including delayed speech, difficulty learning ABCs and rhyming.
  • Exactly!  There are also tools and checklists to assess a child and used to diagnose reading problems.
  • Pages 120-128 Reading difficulties can be caused by how the brain processes information.   These include auditory and visual processing speeds,  memory deficits, word-blindness, and the inability to detect and discriminate sounds also cause reading difficulties.
  • Pages 128-130 Good readers use the left-side posterior areas of the brain for rapid, automatic decoding and reading Dyslexic readers use both left and right sides of the brain and develop alternative ways to accurately but slowly read.
  • Pages 130-139 Dyslexia is a spectrum disorder and can range from mild to sever and can be diagnosed by a parent or medical professional
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