The one-child policy was introduced into China due to over-population in 1979. Families can only have one child unless they are twins, or both parents are only-child. the one-child policy ended in January in 2016.
Due to the one-child policy, there were many effects. For one the birth rate had dropped significantly since 1979, Now the birth rate in china is 0.7 percent. since the birth rate falling, it can lead to a rise of elderly people, which can cause a smaller workforce like Japan.
Becuase of the traditional preference for boys, a lot of female babies have ended up homeless or in orphanages, and in worst cases killed. Because of this, the gender balance in china has become distorted, now it is said that men in china outnumber women by more than 60 million.
The Chinese government had created "rewards" for the people who complied with the policy, to encourage citizens to only have one child. Parents who had followed the one-child policy got an extra month's salary, every year until the child turns 14 years old.
Another advantage of having an only child is given a comfortable life because all the financial gains of the parents can go to the child, giving him a chance to get the best education and better health care. Leading to better job opportunities. Since the one child policy had started, the children who grew up in this period were able to find good jobs easily since the number of people in their generation was smaller than before.
The one child policy was abolished because the birth rate had gone down that the workforce in china cannot financially support the ageing population, which can lead to an economy like Japan, where the elderly make most of the population.
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