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Hey my dudes! My name is George and today I am here to talk about Transcription and translation, and the processes it goes through to become protein.
Transcription is the process in which DNA goes through to become mRNA, a copy of a DNA strand itself. The two steps that DNA must go through to become a mRNA strand are as follows.
First, the DNA must unzip so that the enzymes can go do their job. What the enzymes do is they build a copy of one of the DNA strands. after this process is finished, the mRNA must then travel to the ribosome.
The next process that the mRNA must go through is translation. Translation is the second step that mRNA must go through to become a protein. What the Ribosome does for translation is it reads the recipe that the mRNA gives.
The ribosome then attaches the corresponding amino acids. After this process, the amino acids fold up into 3D figure, this figure is different depending on the function the protein is going to be used for. If a mistake is made during these processes, it can lead to major mutations.
Thank you for listening to my presentation on DNA and protein, come back soon!
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