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The Mayans were very skillful in astronomy and math. The calendar consist of three calendars that work together. They are the Long Count, the Tzolkin, and the Haab
This is how they told dates. 12.16.2 is the Long Count date, 3 Cimi is the Tzolkin date, and 4 Zotz is the Haab date.
12.16.2,3 Cimi 4 Zotz
The Long Count calendar was known as the "universal cycle" to the Mayans. It was used to keep track for long periods of time with each cycle being 2,880,000 days. The Mayans believed that at the end of each cycle the univers was destroyed then recreated. Speaking of which I think that the Long Count cycle just ended!
The Haab is a solar calendar with 365 days that has 18 months each with 20 days and one month that only has 5 days. It has Mayan glyphs on the outer ring of the calendar that each represent one of the 19 months where each glyph is the personality associated with the specific month.
The Tzolkin calendar is known as the Sacred Round with 260 days separated into 20 periods of 13 days each. It tells when ceremonial and religious events occur kind of like my wedding day.
...And there you have it, now you know all about the ancient Mayan calendars, but thank god we are aliv because the Mayan calendar supposedly stated that the world would end December 21, 2012.
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