As stated above :)
Athens were the main cause of the Peloponnesian due to their rising urge of power, land, and overall control. Athen's leader Pericles, forced Athens army to result into a naval empire.
As Pericles focused more on the city's appearance, the less he took note on its Mutual protection. This made the Athenian's furious.
You've got to be kidding me.
Each side had its own elemental favor. Athens army was the navy.
While Sparta was a more territorial milliary.
Pericles decided to build a wall for defense as Athens victories for prestige continued. Athens imported their goods from the outside territories they conquered.
Later on, a plague hit and 1/3 of the Athenian population died, including their leader Pericles. Wasn't really smart to hide behind an unsanitary wall, huh?
Athens surrenders to Sparta in 409 BC, after the destruction of war that went on for 27 years. Both city-states are in ruins for many lives, cities, and agriculture had been lost.
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