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Alonso de Ojeda discovered Colombia in 1499
In 1525 a man named Rodrigo de Bastidas founded the first proper settlement in the territory: Santa Marta.
The Spanish began a process of colonization of Colombia in 1525.
In 1533, Cartagena was founded by Pedro de Heredia and became the main center of commerce and trade in Colombian history.
Santa Fe de Bogota was founded in 1538, and all three expeditions eventually ended up there, sparking a battle for control of the newly founded territory.
Santa Fe de Bogota would later become the capital city of its own viceroyalty.
The battle for supremacy between the three explorers continued until 1550, when finally the Spanish king Charles V issued a decree that established a court of justice at Bogota, naming it the Royal Audience of the New Kingdom of Granada.
Charles V then placed this new colony under the already-formed Viceroyalty of Peru.
Colombia maintained this political status until the eighteenth century, when it became its own viceroyalty, encompassing the present-day territories of Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela.
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