French Revolution Napoleon... For Children!!!
By doughnutglazed, Updated
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How will I feed my children?
In the Great fear, the third estate was upset with how the resources were divided amongst the three estates. They did all of the work and payed all of the feudal dues while the first two estates raked in the profits and spoiled themselves. The third estate was hungry and poor, and decided to end this with violence.
Eventually, peasant women led a charge into the palace of Versailles in order to obtain bread for their children. Marie Antoinette, King Louie's wife was rumored to have said to just give them cake out of ignorance. The demands from the crowd greatly reduced the king's power.
Due to the kings efforts to bring back his throne, king Louis was tried for high treason, and executed by guillotine on January 21st 1793. Not long after, Marie Antoinette would suffer the same fate on october 16 of the same year!
What followed the execution of king Louis was the formation of a republic run by the committee of public safety. The guillotine became a symbol of the revolution, and tens of thousands of people were executed for being accused of treason in this "reign of terror". Actions were carried out by the revolutionary tribunal to eliminate internal and external threats to the republic. Misuse of these powers by the Jacobin party led to the thermidorian reaction in which the Jacobins were overthrown, and Max Robespierre was beheaded to symbolize the end of this reign of terror.
After Robespierre was beheaded, Napoleon Bonaparte, from a history of military success crowned himself emperor through a reformed method of coronation that he came up with involving a ceremony and the pope. Because of his history in the military, Napoleon's strategies were able to successfully win him wars and expand throughout Europe. However after a huge disaster that took place while trying to invade Russia, Napoleon was exiled.
Was the french revolution successful? I think it was. 97% of the population wanted changes. And those changes were natural rights and the removal of the estates system. After king Louis was beheaded, the revolutionaries were empowered, and after Robespierre was beheaded, Napoleon rose to power. Under Napoleon's control the estates system was subtly dissolved, and in order for Napoleon to have a strong military, education was a lot more accessible, and natural rights were supported a lot more even under a dictatorship. I believe that the desired changes were made through the revolution. ----Preston Robson
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