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The Peloponnesian war began with Athens's hunger for power and prestige. The Athenians (blue) conquered city after city, using their wisdom to defeat them. This angered the Spartans (red), the Athenians's major rival.
Pericles, the leader of Athens, began spending military money on further beautifying the city, and the military fund began to diminish.
The war raged, Sparta fighting from land and Athens mainly from sea. After the first year, Pericles recognizes all the Athenian soldiers who have died.
Food became scarce in both city-states as the war continued. The people were tired of war, and many Athenians wanted Athens to surrender.
Including Pericles, 1/3 of the Athenians were killed in a tremendous plague; the military was immensly weakened.
In 409 BC, Athens surrendered to Sparta. After losing so many citizens, they decided that they were done fighting the war.
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