Chapter 6

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  • The Articles of Confederation
  • Weak Foundations
  • The New Jersey Plan
  • With little to no power in the central government, it was very difficult for anything to be accomplished.
  • The Articles of Confederation were the first enacted system of government in America, put into action in 1777.
  • Obvious problems arose out of the Articles of Confederation, which caused people to reconsider things. The Constitutional Convention takes place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and its job was to correct these faults.
  • Meanwhile in the states...
  • This plan instituted the Three-Fifths Clause.
  • But would the slaves count towards the population?
  • I am James Madison. I propose a government with two houses, and the lower house would be formed based on population, therefore the larger states benefit.
  • They will be represented as three-fifths of a person.
  • Virginia Plan
  • "No taxation without representation!!"
  • William Paterson, in recognition of the smaller states who would gain less representation in the Virginia Plan, proposed an alternative design for the government.
  • After much time and thought, the Constitutional Convention decided on a great compromise.
  • The Connecticut Compromise
  • This compromise ultimately led to the ratification, or giving of formal consent, of the Constitution. At this time the three branches of government were also established, which help to balance control of America. The branches are the Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives), Judicial (Supreme Court and lower Courts), and The President of the United States administers the Executive. This is called the separation of powers.
  • Each states' number of seats in the House of Representatives will be determined by population. In the Senate, all states will have the same number of seats.
  • Proposed by delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth, The Connecticut Compromise pleased both large and small states.
  • As a federalist, who believes in the necessity of a firm, powerful central government, I am satisfied with the outcome of the Constitutional Convention.
  • Federalists and Anti-Federalists quarrel.
  • No!! Being Anti-Federalists, we believe the power belongs to the people! We promote sovereignty, the practice of self-government. This is going to be Britain all over again..
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