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Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. Previously the land had been a part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the 'slave powers' in congress
A major provisiono of the Missouri compromise was that slavery was not to exist above 36 or 30 N. THis satisfied the North since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn acrosss the Lousiana Purchase
For the northern free states, new York senator James tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory.
For the southern slave holding states, Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state. Although it exist above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the union in terms of free and slave states, and representation in congress
To satisfy the South it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Lousiana Purchase. This ensured some expansion of slavery for the south including theb futurre states.
For the southern slave advocates, Maryland Senator William Pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of whether or not they are slave or free.
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