The Punic War

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  • There once was a great series of battles. It was called the Punic War. It started when a group of Campanian mercenaries took the city of Messana. The king of Syracuse wanted the city to himself, so he began a siege against the mercenaries. The group asked the Carthaginians to help, but the Carthage ships stayed in the Messana harbor. The Romans helped them by sending an expedition group. The Carthage general was scared, and sailed off. Carthage felt dishonored, so they vowed revenge on Rome.
  • The First Punic War was fought at sea. In order to keep up with the Carthaginian fleet, Rome built their own naval force to match Carthage's, ship for ship. The casualties for both empires were large, but Rome inevitably won.
  • ROME
  • VS
  • Carthage
  • After the First Punic War, Hamilcar, the Carthaginian general, hated Rome. He made his son, Hannibal, swear an oath to destroy Rome.
  • When Hannibal grew up, he decided to invade Rome. He did the impossible when he invaded. He crossed the Alps. No one could cross the Alps. This was the start of the second Punic War. After crossing, he defeated the small Roman defense, and rampaged across Italy for 14 years. He then was defeated at Zama by Cornelius Scipio.
  • In the Third Punic War, Cato of Rome suggested that they raze Carthage to the ground. The Roman Army did so: they didn't have any mercy. There were only 50, 000 survivors, and they all were sold into slavery.
  • So overall, mercenaries captured a city, Rome helped them, and Carthage wanted to destroy Rome. So Carthage fought Rome at sea, but they lost, BUT they beat Rome in their own country, mainly because of Hannibal's elephants. The Romans then decided to obliterate Carthage, which they did, and Rome was victorious. Crazy people, huh?
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