Scientific Revolution Historical Figures

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  • William Harvey
  • Galen has been wrong this whole time!
  • Isaac Newton
  • Different masses pull on each other with different amounts of force, as the Earth pulled this apple to the ground.
  • Francis Bacon
  • Specific Instances to Generalizations! Bottom up thinking people!
  • William Harvey born on the first of April 1578, forever revolutionized medicine and how it was practiced. Before Harvey, for about 1500 years, medicine was practiced under the investigations and assumptions of Galen. This was vastly incorrect yet practiced all around the world for a long time. However, William Harvey questioned these methods, this led to a deeper investigation of the body and new methods were created. Even though these new thoughts were correct the public did not accept them as they conflicted with Galen's ideas of the body and circulatory system.
  • Johannes Kepler
  • Based on my data, orbits aren't in fact circular, but eliptical
  • Sir Isaac Newton holds perhaps the biggest contributions to scientific and astronomical communities. Born in 1642, he found a strong attraction to physics. During this part of his career, he founded the Law of Gravity after observation of the moon and Earth and why they orbited each other. He stated that this happened because of the force of gravity and that all things had a force attraction between them. He later noticed that this applied to not only the moon and Earth but all the planets. This changed scientists and the public's view of space.
  • Major Inventions - Galileo
  • Mercury rises with warmer temperature?!
  • Born January 22, 1561 Francis Bacon went on to influence many through his various types of works and accomplishments. Philosopher, scientist, statesmen, and politician are only some of the positions he held. Although his positions varied his biggest impact came from his philosophical background. Here he developed ideas such as 'inductive reasoning' which challenged ancient methods from Aristotle as well as the partitioning of the scientific method. These ideas had an enormous on the scientific community and are still used today.
  • Major Inventions - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  • I wonder if the telescope could magnify natural life?
  • Johannes Kepler, one of the most impressive astronomers, was born in 1571 Germany. After studying in a university, he did what all influences in the scientific revolution did, challenged known and accepted ideas. He challenged the accepted idea of Ptolemy's Geocentric universe and further proved Copernicus's Heliocentric theory. He did this by proving the movement of planets and even proving that they don't actually orbit in perfect circles but in ovals. In addition, he published several of his other findings including the '3 Laws of Planetary Motion.' This influenced many's perspective of the universe and how it works.
  • One of the many game changing tools developed within the Scientific Revolution was the Thermometer. This was first created by Italian astronomer Galileo but later improved by a German scientist, Daniel Fahrenheit. This was done by putting mercury in a glass tube, the mercury would then rise as it got warmer. This major discovery had an incredible impact on not only telling the temperature, but forecasting the weather even today.
  • Roughly 200 years before the creation of the Thermometer, the first model of the microscope was created by a group of lens makers. Later however, a Dutch native Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, redesigned the microscope himself, which saw a great improvement in accuracy. Although he wasn't the first to develop the microscope, he was the first, to discover microscopic life and bacteria. This discovery with the microscope, impacted all areas of life, such as medicine and science, as this was such a large breakthrough.
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