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In 1962, Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Philip Vera Cruz founded the United Farm Workers of America. They all were activists for the rights of Chicano, Filipino, and immigrant farm workers.
The conditions of the workers were very poor and at many times illegal. They had poor housing, bad or no pay, and long hours. Lots of times, children had to work to be able to support their family.
The grape strike and boycott started in September of 1965 and lasted until 1969. The farmers would refuse to work and told citizens all over America to not buy grapes or wine grown is California. There was also a 300 mile march across California.
The founders of the United Farm Workers wanted their protests to be peaceful and nonviolent. Some of the strikers wanted to be able to hit back when the farm owners hit them. Because of this need for violence, Cesar went on a 25 day fast. The fast worked and there was no longer a want for violence.
The strikes and boycotts were successful. In 1970, grape vineyard owners signed a contract making sure that the farm workers would get better pay and living conditions.
Though it took years to try to get more rights for the Latinos and Filipinos, the Unted Farm Workers of America was successful.
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