Finn's Science Storyboard

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  • TRANSCRIPTION takes place in a nucleus of a cell. There is a single strand of DNA, as seen here. The DNA strand is much too big to pass through the nucleus and into the cytoplasm, where the amino acids are located . So the DNA must unzip into two parts.
  • The Enzyme than copies half of one of the DNA's strands, creating a mRNA. The mRNA is much smaller than the DNA, and can exit the nucleus.
  • NUCLEUS
  • mRNA
  • In the cytoplasm, the mRNA meets a ribosome.
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  • Ribosome
  • Amino Acid
  • The mRNA acts as a "recipe" during Translation. The Ribosome reads the mRNA and tells the tRNA to bring over the correct amino acids. The Ribosome then attaches the amino acids together.
  • The Ribsome will tell the tRNA to bring over the correct amino acids, then the Ribosome will put the amino acids in correct order. Once the Ribosome has finished, there will be a complete strand of amino acids called a protein.
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  • The newly formed protein will break away from the Ribosome, and go to fulfill it's specific job in the body. HOWEVER, if the Ribosome reads the mRNA wrong, or the tRNA brings the wrong amino acids, the protein wouldn't work. This is because if you change ANYTHING a tiny bit, the mRNA strand will be different, causing the Ribosome to tell the tRNA to bring over the wrong amino acids, and the Ribosome will put the wrong amino acids in the wrong order, and the protein won't work.
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