Behaviorism & Information Technology

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  • Introduction Classroom situation, background music, if possible add pictures of Watson & Skinner "Behaviorism & Information Technology is a broad field to cover. This is my personal attempt to cover it."
  • Behaviorism & Information Technology
  • created by: Franziska Müller
  • Today's Agenda - Definition - Relation - Critiques
  • Definition Behaviorism Classroom situation, add sources, add background music "Definining Behaviorism is difficult, as there are disagreements between the various researchers in the field. Strictly speaking one would have to say "behaviorisms"." To complete: shorten text on the boards, complete narration, if applicable a drawing of stimulus-response-reinforcement
  • What is behaviorism? - Anti-mentalism - No difference between species - consistency of knowledge with experience - Behavior of a subject in focus - Use of scientific research methods
  • Implications for learning Teacher as locus of control Learning as individual process Structured process incl. stimulating, information, testing & reinforcing
  • Instructional System Design
  • Relation Behaviorism & Information Technology 1 space situation, add sources, add background music "One important behavioristic scientist is B.F. Skinner. In his book "The Technology of Teaching" he claims for a teaching machine as this would be an effective way to support bahavioristic findings. " To complete: mention the findings specificly in the prior scence, if applicable add applications for teaching practise before
  • But where does technology come into play?
  • Relation Behaviorism & Information Technology 2 "historical situation", add sources, add background music "Think about behaviorsm and technology as a development. Technical innovations made it easier to apply behavioristic learning theories. Behavioristic theories influenced the way technologies have been designed. Take for example distance education." To complete: explain the generations of pedagogy and technology in detail (historical perspective, timeline)
  • Paradigms of instructional teachnology "computerroom", add sources, add backgrond music "Let's talk about two exemplaric developments that are based on behavioristic learning theories. This is a good chance to apply what we just learned about the main elements of beviorism. We need an stimulus, the active engangement of the learner, a response and immidiate feedback to shape the desired behavior." To complete: explain screens, embed them into a broader context"
  • Computer- assisted instruction (CAI)
  • learner responds to stimuli (provided by program), repetition, reinforcement or immediate feedback. In research, focus is on learning outcome
  • Instructional Technology
  • Nine events of instruction
  • Critiques of behavioristic padagogy & technology "classrooms", add sources, add backgrond music "Let's talk about a critiqual view on behaviorism and technology. The tedency in the historical development has shown, that in the example of distance eduvation access & freedom was a very important topic. The downsides however are the teaching reduction, low social pressure and the neglection of the human learning complexity." To complete: text, take.home message, credits
  • + access + student freedom + scaling to a very large number + clear learning objectives - teaching reduction - low social presence - formal models of cognitive presence - human learning complexity
  • A learning environment where behavioristic pedagogy is useful?
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