Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born on July 1,1646 in Leipzig, Germany. His parents were Catharina Schmuck and Friedrich Leibniz.
Gottfried's father died when he was six and a half years old, and from that point he was raised be his mother.
Leibniz later inherited his father's personal library. He was given free access to it by the age of seven. His schoolwork was largely confined to the study of a small canon of authorities, his father's library enabled him to study a wide variety of advanced philosophical and theological works—ones that he would not have otherwise been able to read until his college years.
In April 1661 he enrolled in his father's former University at age 15 and completed his bachelor's degree in Philosophy in December 1662. Leibniz earned his master's degree in Philosophy on February 7, 1664. After one year of legal studies, he was awarded his bachelor's degree in Law on September 28, 1665.
He became a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. He became one of the most prolific inventors in the field of mechanical calculators. While working on adding automatic multiplication and division to Pascal's calculator, he was the first to describe a pinwheel calculator in 1685 and invented the Leibniz wheel, used in the arithmometer, the first mass-produced mechanical calculator. He also refined the binary number system, which is the foundation of virtually all digital computers.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was influenced by René Descartes, Baruch Spinoza, Blaise Pascal and he influenced Ferdinand Georg Frobenius. After awhile he died on November 14,1716.
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