The Missouri compromise of 1820
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ADDITION OF STATES
36 30' line
who was involved
under the Missouri compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. previously, the land had been a part of Massachusetts. this satisfies those opposed to the slavery as well as the "slave power" in congress.
a major provision of the Missouri compromise was that slavery was not to exist 36 30' N. this satisfied the north, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana purchase.
for the north free states,New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory. in addition, Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery .
for the southern slaveholding states, Missouri is added to the union as a slave state. although it exist above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the union in terms of free and slave states, and representation in Congress.
to satisfy the south, it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana purchase. this ensured some expansion of slavery for the south, including future sates such as Texas and Arkansas.
for the southern slaves advocates,Maryland Senator William Pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of whether or not they are slaves or free.
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