In terms of weaponry, the U.S. was greatly disadvantaged. Many Revolutionary War tactics and fighters were involved, exposing their lack of innovation and improvement. Furthermore, their armies were small, poorly armed, and disorganized.
For the U.S., motivation provided an advantage, just as it did in the Revolutionary War. Many western settlers were defending their claims, as well as their livelihoods, from native attacks. Furthermore, many supported theidea of expansionism and their right to the lands they had won in the Revolution. Losses did, however, damage morale.
Disadvantages for the Americans were numerous. For one, they were simply too young and immature of a country to fight a major war, especially with a strong opponent like Great Britain. Furthermore, their weaponry and organization was weak. Politically, the nation was divided, as the War Hawks supported the war from the beginning, while Federalists opposed it greatly.
The British and Native forces had great advantage over the Americans in terms of weaponry. Despite fighting a war in Europe with France, Britain still had well established naval control, and excellent weaponry. Native forces were well led.
For the British, motivation was avenging their losses in the Revolution. Also, they aimed to protect their holdings in Canada. Motivation was high for the Native forces as well, as they too aimed to protect their land claim that had been well established for centuries. This was strengthened by British support. Attacks on their peoples as well served as a motivating factor.
Although the British did enjoy many advantages in the war militarily, there were still disadvantages at play. For one, Britain was still in the midst of war with Napoleon in Europe, leaving only a handful of regulars, Canadian militia, and native allies to defend Canada. In addition, securing their continent was far more important than the Canadian border.
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