The Crusades Part 1
By gracieoh, Updated
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The First Crusade
The Second Crusade
The Seljuk Turks were Central Asian People who migrated into Muslim lands for years. They were named by a Turkish chieftain who converted to Islam in the mid-tenth century (900's). The Seljuk Turks established a new Muslim dynasty and were very eager to expand the territory.
The Third Crusade
The First Crusade was led by 4 Christian Nobles. There were 30,000 crusaders who fought their way through Anatolia. A traitor led them through the city walls, and the city fell to them. The city of Jerusalem soon surrendered when the crusaders surrounded it. The victourious Christians massacred Muslims and Jews throughout the city while survivors were taken to slavery. The crusaders then established 4 crusader kingdoms (Palestine, Syria, and modern day Lebanon, and Turkey.) The Christians won The First Crusade.
The Seljuk Empire was already crumbling into smaller states and Muslims had trouble cooperating. The Muslims soon fought back more effectively. In 1144, Muslims captured Edessa. Christians answered by installing a second crusade that ended in failure. An army from Germany was badly beaten, so a second army led by the king of France arrived in Jerusalem in 1148. The Muslims beat back the crusaders from France and the French Army went home ending the crusade. The Muslims won, but did not get Jerusalem.
By the 1180s the sultan, Salah al-Din formed a very large Muslim empire, and led a fight against the crusaders for Jerusalem. In 1187, his armies captured Jerusalem from the Christians. The sultan also captured and sold his prisoners for ransom or into slavery. Soon after, the two religions made an arrangement and they were both to exchange prisoners. King Richard soon got impatient, and killed all 2,700 Muslim prisoners. His army fought their way to Jerusalem, but they were not strong enough. In 1192, the two leaders signed a peace treaty, and the Muslims agreed to let Christians enter Jerusalem. The Muslims have Jerusalem, but no one won the crusade.
The crusades continued for another 100 years. Some crusades were led by the poor than the military. In 1212, thousands of peasant children marched in a "Children's Crusade," which ended up as a failure. None of the later crusades led by the Christians were victorious at at all, but it was for the Muslims.
The Reconquista was the series of wars fought between the Christian kingdoms and Muslim Moors that started in 718. It was to find out who would have control over the Iberian Peninsula(Present Day Spain and Portugal.) Muslims gave up more and more territory. By 1248 the Muslims only owned little.
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