Chapter 10 Lesson 2 CP World Studies
By haleymatson, Updated
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What were the revolutions of the 1830's? We're learning about them in class.
What's the deal with the revolutions we learned about in class?
Dad, can you help me with my homework? It's about the revolts in the German states.
In the revolutions of the 1830's, many things happened, including Poland and Italy trying to gain freedom from Russia and Austria, King Charles X being overthrown by liberals, Belgium becoming independent from the Dutch in 1815, and governments wanting to retain old order, unlike the people.
Revolutions in Central Europe
Because Louis-Phillipe refused to change the voting policies and the economy was struggling, a second revolution broke out in France. In 1848, republicans wanted a republic, so they overthrew the government, and a temporary government was created. Workshops were created for people out of work, but they were closed, causing a four day bloody revolt. Later in the year, a new constitution was ratified and the nephew of Napoleon was made president.
Why are they talking about Italian Revolution homework?
News of the French revolution (the second one) spread to the 38 German states, the main two of which were Prussia and Austria. In 1848, the Frankfurt Assembly created a new constitution consisting of limited monarchy, direct election of parliament, and universal male suffrage. Frederick William IV refused to accept the crown, though, so Germany was not unified.
I'm glad that we were taught about the failures of 1848. It was an interesting topic.
Revolutions quickly spread through Austria, a multi-national country, and Vienna was taken over. Hungary was given its own government to calm people down. By June of 1848 though, Czech rebels were quieted, and Vienna rebels were stopped by October. In 1849, the Hungarians were defeated.
The nine states that Italy was divided into during the Congress of Vienna were the Kingdom of Piedmont, Two Sicilies (Naples and Sicily), the Papal States, Lombardy, Venetia, and other smaller states. Revolutions broke out in Lombardy and Venetia, which were both owned by Austria. Other smaller states wanted a unified Italy and liberal constitutions.
Overall, the revolutions of 1848 failed for two reasons. The first one was that moderate liberals and more radical revolutionaries may have been on the same side, but the wanted different outcomes. Also, various groups and nations were trying to gain freedom, but they refused to work together to overthrow all of the empires instead of just their own all alone.
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