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Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. Previously, the land had been part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the "slave powers" in Congress.
ADDITION OF STATES
A major provision of the Missouri Compromise was that slavery was not to exist above 36 30' N. This satisfied the North, since slavery would not be able to expand past the imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase
this is the 36 30' line
36 30' LINE
For the northern free states, New York Senator James Tallamdge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory. In addition, Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery
WHO WAS INVOLVED
For the southern slaveholding states, Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state. Although it exist above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave provides balance to the Union in terms of free and slave states, and representation in Congress.
To satisfy the South, it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana purchase. This ensured some expansion of slavery for the South, including future states such as Texas and Arkansas.
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